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Tekstova: (2) Svi tekstovi...

Kategorija: Slika Hrvatske u Svijetu  -  Više èlanaka iz kategorije :: Slika Hrvatske u Svijetu
Više èlanaka iz iste grupe...BBC o Hrvatskoj - Viđenje Republike Hrvatske i dalje ide preko g. Gotovine 

Kako nas britanci doživljavaju
ZAGREB 

Samo kratak komentar, kad pregedavamo stranice BBC-a na linku news.bbc.co.uk
i dalje je primarno pitanje generala Ante Gotovine, čak i kada se daje profil Republike
Hrvatske tako da imamo dojam da se samo radi o marketingu za RH....
SLIJEDI TEKST PREUZET SA STRANICA BBC-a
********
Country profile: Croatia

Croatia emerged into the new millennium from a decade in which it experienced a bitter war as the former Yugoslavia broke up, and from several years of authoritarian nationalism under the late president, Franjo Tudjman.
By early 2003 it had made sufficient progress to apply for EU membership, becoming the second former Yugoslav republic after Slovenia to do so.

OVERVIEW



OVERVIEW | FACTS | LEADERS | MEDIA


Accession talks were postponed because of Croatia's failure to detain Gen Ante Gotovina, wanted by the international war crimes tribunal in The Hague. However the green light for the talks to proceed was given in October 2005, and the fugitive general was arrested in Spain in December. The government has pledged to cooperate fully with the tribunal.

Progress has been made in Croatia's willingness to confront the darker aspects of its actions during the violence which flared in the 1990s after independence from Yugoslavia. Gen Mirko Norac, seen as a war hero by many in Croatia, is serving a 12 year sentence for the killing of several dozen Serb civilians in 1991.

At the time of Tudjman's death in December 1999, Croatia was in a parlous state. Its citizens suffered from government-backed attacks on their civil and political rights. The then governing party, the HDZ, was corrupt and the economy was in difficulties, with around 20% of Croatians unemployed.

Presidential and parliamentary elections at the beginning of 2000 ushered in politicians who pledged commitment to Croatia's integration into the European mainstream.

The constitution has been changed to shift power away from the president to the parliament. Croatia has joined the World Trade Organisation and has pledged to open up its economy. It has achieved growth and inflation is under control.

It has rumbling disputes with Slovenia over sea and land borders dating back to the break-up of Yugoslavia.

A country of striking natural beauty with a stunning Adriatic coastline, Croatia is again very popular as a tourist destination.

FACTS



OVERVIEW | FACTS | LEADERS | MEDIA



Population: 4.4 million (UN, 2005)
Capital: Zagreb
Area: 56,594 sq km (21,851 sq km)
Major language: Croatian
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 71 years (men), 78 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 kuna = 100 lipa
Main exports: Machinery and transport equipment, clothing, chemicals
GNI per capita: US $6,590 (World Bank, 2005)
Internet domain: .hr
International dialling code: +385
LEADERS



OVERVIEW | FACTS | LEADERS | MEDIA


President: Stjepan Mesic

Mr Mesic won a second five-year term as president in January 2005. It is a largely ceremonial role.

The president proposes the prime minister but it is for parliament to approve the nomination. The president also has powers to dissolve parliament and call elections.

Prime minister: Ivo Sanader



Ivo Sanader says his party has changed since Tudjman's time

President Mesic invited Ivo Sanader, leader of the right-wing Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), to form a government following elections in November 2003 in which the HDZ won 66 out of the 152 seats in parliament.

Mr Sanader insists that his party has undergone major change since he took over from the late nationalist president, Franjo Tudjman, and now describes it as a traditional conservative party. He has pledged commitment to democracy and the rule of law as well as to upholding human rights and promoting a free market economy.

He has said that EU and Nato membership are the top priority in foreign policy.


On the economic front, Mr Sanader has promised to cut taxes and fight corruption.

He comes from an academic background and speaks several foreign languages, including English.


Foreign minister: Kolinda Grabar Kitarovic
Interior minister: Ivica Kirin
Finance minister: Ivan Suker
MEDIA



OVERVIEW | FACTS | LEADERS | MEDIA


Croatia's media now operate in a climate of relative freedom following the restrictions of the Tudjman era. The constitution bans censorship and guarantees press freedom.

Croatian Radio-Television, HRT, is a national state-owned public broadcaster and is financed by a mixture of advertising and licence fee revenues. The frequencies of HRT's third national TV network were allocated to a private bidder in September 2003.

Public TV is the main source of news and information for most Croatians. National commercial networks and dozens of private local TV stations compete for viewers.

The press


Vecernji list - daily
Jutarnji list - daily
Slobodna Dalmacija - daily
Novi list - daily
Glas Istre - daily
Dnevnik - business daily
Feral Tribune - weekly
Nacional - weekly
Television


Croatian TV - public, operates national networks
RTL Televizije - national, private
Nova TV - national, private
Radio


Croatian Radio - public, operates three national networks
Radio 101 - commercial
Otvoreni Radio - commercial
Narodni Radio - commercial
News agency


HINA - English-language pages



 


***************
Tekst iz kategorije: Slika Hrvatske u Svijetu,  autor teksta: Como Senso,  iz medija: Hrvatske Novine,   od  11.12.2005. 
Tema :: BBC o Hrvatskoj  ID#573 Rec:1  RB0
Izvor teksta

Kategorija: Slika Hrvatske u Svijetu  -  Više èlanaka iz kategorije :: Slika Hrvatske u Svijetu
Više èlanaka iz iste grupe...BBC o Hrvatskoj - Kronologija Hrvatske na stranicama BBC-a 

Čudni neki ljudi koji kreiraju svoje slike dogadjaja
ZAGREB 

Ovo je kronologija dogadjaja kako to vidi BBC na svojim internet stranicama na adresi
news.bbc.co.uk
BBC nam je interesantan jer kreira sliku hrvatske prema svojim vidjenjima i pravi neadekvatan "marketing".
1918 - Croatia joins the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.


Zagreb's old town boasts Gothic and Baroque buildings
Population: 692,000
1929 - The Kingdom becomes Yugoslavia.

1941 - Nazi Germany invades. A 'Greater Croatia' is formed, also comprising most of Bosnia and western Serbia. A fascist puppet government is installed under Ante Pavelic. The regime acts brutally against Serbs and Jews as it seeks to create a Catholic, all-Croat republic. Hundreds of thousands lose their lives.

The Yugoslav federation

1945 - After a bitter resistance campaign by partisans under Tito, Croatia becomes one of the six constituent republics of the Yugoslav socialist federation. Croatia is multi-ethnic.

1980 - Tito dies. The slow disintegration of Yugoslavia begins as individual republics assert their desire for independence.

1989 - Collapse of communism in eastern Europe leads to rise in support for parties with a nationalist programme.

1990 - First free elections in Croatia for more than 50 years. The communists lose to the conservative, nationalist HDZ led by Franjo Tudjman.

Independence and war

1991 - Croatia declares its independence. Croatian Serbs in the east of the country expel Croats with the aid of the Yugoslav army. By the end of the year, nearly one-third of Croatian territory is under Serb control.

INDEPENDENCE WAR

Vukovar, devastated after siege by Serb forces


Vukovar massacre: What happened
2004: Healing Vukovar's wounds
2002: Breaking the silence in Croatia
1992 - The UN sets up 4 protected areas in Croatia, with 14,000 UN troops keeping Croats and Serbs apart. Croatia also becomes involved in the war in Bosnia-Hercegovina (1992-5), supporting the Bosnian Croats against the Bosnian Serbs, then against the Bosniaks (Muslims). Franjo Tudjman is elected president of Croatia.

1995 - Croat forces retake three of the four areas created by the UN. Croatian Serbs flee to Bosnia and Serbia. Tudjman is one of the signatories of the Dayton peace accords ending the war in Bosnia-Hercegovina.

Post-war Croatia

1996 - Croatia restores diplomatic relations with Yugoslavia. Croatia joins Council of Europe.

1997 - Tudjman re-elected as president. The EU decides not to invite Croatia to start membership talks, criticising the Tudjman regime's authoritarian tendencies.

FRANJO TUDJMAN

Ultra-nationalist president's rule was highly autocratic


Franjo Tudjman: Father of Croatia
1999: Croatia mourns as Tudjman is buried
1998 - Croatia resumes control over the fourth UN area, Eastern Slavonia.

1999 - Tudjman dies.

2000 - Parliamentary elections in January see Tudjman's HDZ party defeated. The social democrats and social liberals win at the head of a coalition. The new prime minister is Ivica Racan. In February Stjepan Mesic of the Croatian People's Party wins the presidency. He says he wants Croatia to join Nato and the EU.


2001 February/March - After two weeks on the run during which nationalists organise demonstrations in his support, General Mirko Norac gives himself up to a Croatian court on the understanding that he will not be extradited to face the international war crimes tribunal in The Hague. He is charged with killing Serb civilians in the Croatian city of Gospic in 1991.

2001 July - Prime Minister Racan survives confidence vote in parliament brought by nationalists opposed to his decision to comply with a request from The Hague tribunal for the extradition of generals Ademi and Gotovina. General Ademi becomes the first person from Croatia to face charges in The Hague by voluntarily appearing before the tribunal. General Gotovina goes into hiding.

2001 September - The Hague tribunal indicts former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic for war crimes and crimes against humanity in the war in Croatia in the early 1990s.

2001 December - Yugoslavia returns art works, including Orthodox icons, looted after the fall of the city of Vukovar 10 years earlier.


Historic Dubrovnik: A cornerstone of the tourism industry


2005: Adriatic pearl recovers its lustre
2003: Dubrovnik's heritage under threat
2002 April - Foreign Minister Tonino Picula visits Belgrade for talks with his Yugoslav counterpart, the first such visit since independence.

2002 July - PM Racan resigns as infighting within the coalition paralyses economic reform. President Mesic asks him to form a new government.

2002 September - Under pressure from nationalists, government declines to hand over retired Gen Janko Bobetko, indicted for war crimes by The Hague tribunal. Health grounds are cited.

2003 February - Croatia submits formal application for EU membership.

2003 March - Gen Mirko Norac, seen by many Croats as a war hero, sentenced to 12 years for killing of several dozen Serb civilians in 1991.

2003 April - Death of Gen Bobetko ends controversy surrounding his extradition to The Hague.


2003 October - Croatian parliament votes to create ecological zone in Adriatic prompting objections from Slovenia.

2003 December - Ivo Sanader of Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) becomes prime minister in a minority government following his party's success in elections the previous month.



Music-making in Ban Jelacic Square, part of Zagreb's old town

2004 June - Wartime Croatian Serb leader Milan Babic jailed for 13 years by Hague tribunal for his part in war crimes against non-Serbs in self-proclaimed Krajina Serb republic where he was leader in the early 1990s.

2004 December - EU agrees to start accession talks with Croatia in March 2005.

2005 January - Incumbent President Stjepan Mesic wins second term.

2005 March - EU delays talks on Croatia's membership because of failure to arrest Gen Ante Gotovina, who is wanted by the Hague tribunal on war crimes charges.

2005 October - Green light given for EU accession talks to go ahead again even though Gen Gotovina remains at large.

Croatia calls for international mediation after Slovene parliament declares ecological zone in the Adriatic with rights to protect and use sea bed.

2005 December - Fugitive Croatian General Ante Gotovina, sought by the Hague tribunal on war crimes charges, is arrested in Spain.




 


***************
Tekst iz kategorije: Slika Hrvatske u Svijetu,  autor teksta: Como Senso,  iz medija: Hrvatske Novine,   od  11.12.2005. 
Tema :: BBC o Hrvatskoj  ID#563 Rec:2  RB0
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